One of the things which crops need for them to survive is water. When it is raining, these crops get the water they need. Watering is important to the crops when it is not raining. Irrigation is a method which can be used to water these crops when it is not raining. An irrigation sprinkler is what supplies water to the different crops during irrigation. Also, pumps, valves, and pipes are needed during irrigation. For all the crops to receive water, a good sprinkler is needed. The size of the sprinkler should be big to ensure that it supplies to the whole garden.
For many years, a lot of people who grow crops have done irrigation as a way of watering them. When irrigating crops, different irrigation methods are used. However, not all irrigation methods are effective. Therefore, when irrigating your crops, you need to choose a method which will be effective. You also need to know the different irrigation methods before settling on the one to use in your garden. For your irrigation to be effective, a number of things have to be put into consideration. Some of the things which need to be considered when doing irrigation are discussed below.
Put the type of soil available in the garden where the crops are grown into consideration. The type of soil dictates which irrigation method is the best for the crops. The number of times in a day in which the crops should be irrigated is also determined by the type of soil available in the garden. For instance, sandy soils require frequent irrigation at a high pressure to keep the moisture in the root zone. To avoid water runoff, you should not irrigate your crops frequently if they are grown on clay soils. Also, you should use a minimal amount of water if the garden has clay soil.
Consider the land topography. The way the land is structured is what is known as the land’s topography. A land can either be flat, hilly or sloppy. Knowing a land topography helps you to prevent runoffs during irrigation. For instance if the land is flat, drip irrigation is the best since the water will run along topographic lines. To avoid water wastage, pivot and traveler systems should not be used if your land is sloppy or hilly.
The type of crops which are grown should be considered when irrigating. The tools used for irrigation are expensive. For you to get the value of what you purchase, you should irrigate high-value crops. It is better to irrigate vegetables, small fruits and orchard crops rather than irrigating wheat and soya beans. Some of the things which should be put in mind when doing irrigation are discussed above.